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Yazd

Yazd

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Yazd Yazd

Yazd is one of the most well-known desert cities of Iran.

Many Iranians and foreign tourists like to visit Yazd to view the architecture typically found in desert areas.

It is known as the city of wind towers, Zoroastrians, Termeh (traditional brocade), silk weaving and sweets (like Baqlava and Qotab).

A trip to Yazd will make you familiar with life in desert towns and how people cope with it. You learn about Qanat (underground water supply system) for which Iranians are well-known.

The water reservoirs, icehouses, wind-towers and pigeon towers make the visit to Yazd worthwhile, as tourists explore the uniqueness of this ancient city.

Yazd is located 270 km southeast of Isfahan province and with a population of approximately 560,000, it attracts a growing number of tourists.

The city is hot and dry in summer due to its location, which is between the two main deserts of Dasht-e Kavir and the Kavir-e Lut.

Traditionally, Yazd is famous for Termeh, the brocades made with Iranian patterns and used in dresses, bags, footwear and interior decoration.

The ancient caravan routes went through Yazd and linked major cities of the world. Its earlier residents were more involved in trade than agriculture.

At present, many tile and porcelain factories are operating outside Yazd, attracting laborers and producing good-quality products for domestic as well as international markets.

Getting There

Yazd is located midway between Isfahan and Kerman, 689 km (427 miles) south east of Tehran. It is well connected to the rest of the country by planes, trains and buses.

By bus

From the bus station, take a local bus (the bus stop is by a little white hut on the highway in front of the main bus station) to the local bus station, then another to the bazaar. This is in the center of town; from here you can find your hotel.

By plane

There are International flights to Dubai and Damascus and daily flights from Tehran.

By Train

You can find train from Tehran to Yazd.

People and Culture

One of the oldest cities of Iran, with desert architecture, an important Zoroastrian center since Sassanian time that has kept Fire Temple and Dakhmehs (Towers of Silence), a prosperous city standing at the cross - roads of the most important caravan routes from central Asia and India to the south and West   has the name of Yazd.  Marco polo, who came here on his way to China in 1212, called it “The Good and Noble City of Yazd ".

AtourAdventure.com-yazd-2 Yazd

To See

A view of historical area inside Yazd

  • Masjid-e Jame (Friday Mosque), dating back to the fourteenth century, is well worth a visit. It is an example of finest Persian mosaics and excellent architecture. Its minarets are the highest in the country. Admire it at night when it is lit up.
  • Atashkadeh is the Zoroastrian fire temple. The fire on the inside has supposedly been burning since 470 AD.
  • Yazd Tower of silence(Zoroastrian's Dakhmeh) - the name tower is misleading as they consist of huge circular walls on top of two hills, within those the dead were left to be picked clean by the vultures. This is done in accordance with Zoroastrian belief. However, the towers are not in use anymore and open to the public. A quiet, serene place. The modern Zoroastrian cemetery is just there as well. To get there using public transport, you can take the bus going south on Imam Khomeini from the bus stop across the street of Amir Chakhmaq Complex. Get down on the last stop, end of the line at an interchange terminal, and then from there ask people for another bus going to "Dakhme" (pronounced like German "Dach"), might need to wait a bit and be sure that the people will tell the bus driver to drop you on the correct bus stop. Once you are off the bus, it's a corner of a 4-way intersection and you go right, you will see the towers, you should get off at the intersection just south of Yazd University, and then walk west, towards the mountains.
  • Yazd Water Museum lots of interesting information about the Qanat water distribution system.
  • Yazd Market Square's Clock
  • The cistern of Fatemeh-ye-Golshan
  • Amir Chakhmakh complex, a breathtaking construction and a must-see. Visitors can climb to the top.
  • Amir Chakmakh mosque, not to be confused with the complex of the same name, but nearby and easily visited when visiting the more famous complex.
  • Hazireh mosque
  • Water reservoir with its four Badgirs (wind towers)
  • Khan-e-Lari, a historical house
  • Alexanders prison, which was neither built by Alexander the great nor a prison, but a 15th-century domed school which is quite an interesting sight with a cafe in the 'prison room'. Often guides Would tell you the deep well in the middle of its courtyard was in fact built by Alexander the Great and was used as a dungeon but this seems doubtful.
  • Tomb of the 12 imams which dates back to the early 11th century, has inscriptions inside bear the names of the twelve Shiite Imams, though none are actually buried here. It is now badly deteriorated.
  • Madrasse-e-Kamalieh
  • Bogeh-ye Seyed Rokamdin mosque
  • Dowlat Abad Gardens with a building with a beautiful large badgir. Recommended - this is a fruit garden best visited in early summer. Has grapes, pomegranates and wheat. Also houses the tallest wind catcher in the world.
  • Markar square. This square is geographically located at the center of Iran, you can see it on the way.
  • Get Out

    The people who visit Yazd, take a trip to explore other tourist attractions outside the city, most of which are located in Meybod . Here’s a list of them:

    Shah Abbasi Caravansary (in Meybod): In Safavid era, Shah Abbas started building several caravansaries to promote trade and business. This spacious one used to be near the old town of Meybod.

    Chapar-Khaneh (in Meybod): This was a mailing service station operated first by horses carrying any parcels to various destinations and later by vehicles until early 20th century.

    Chack Chak (near Ardakan): Known as Pir-e-Sabz, it is the most sacred of the mountain shrines respected by Zoroastrians.

    Narin Qaleh (in Meybod): This fortress is said to have been built approximately 5,000 years ago, but it has certainly existed at the time of the Medean empire. Sassanian bricks were used in it and Meybod’s governor used to live here.

    Food and sweets

    Ash-e Shooli (Shooli Soup)

    This soup is cooked by Yazdis and very common among them.  No one knows where the word ‘shooli’ comes from, but everyone knows its taste. Shooli is a delicious and simple soup, and its seasoning is vinegar, but it can be replaced with pomegranate paste, or any other sour liquid.

    Baghlava (Baklava)

    Baklava is traditional Mediterranean treat using phyllo dough. The filling varies from ground walnuts to almonds or pistachios. Greeks use honey syrup to sweeten their baklava while the Persians use rose water syrup.

    Qotab 
    Qotab is an almond-filled, deep-fried Persian pastry. It's prepared with flour, almonds, icing sugar, vegetable oil and cardamom. Some versions of Qotab may contain other ingredients, since most of the best recipes are family secrets that are jealously guarded. Qotab is one of three types of sweets (Shirini) that the Iranian city of Yazd is famous for producing.

    Haaji Baadaam

    This small almond cookies or cakes is a traditional Persian(Yazdi) pastry. Almonds are rich in vitamin E, calcium, magnesium and potassium. Additionally, almonds are a significant source of protein and fiber.
    Almonds reduce the risk of heart disease they are beneficial for maintaining a healthy weight.

     

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