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Tehran

Tehran

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Tehran Tehran city

Overview and History

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.3 million and surpassing 14 million in the wider metropolitan area, Tehran is Iran's largest city and urban area, and the largest city in Western Asia.

In the 20th and 21st centuries, Tehran has been the subject of mass migration of people from all around Iran. The city is home to many historic mosques, churches, synagogues and Zoroastrian fire temples. However, modern structures, notably Azadi (Freedom) Tower and the Milad Tower, have come to symbolism the city. Tehran is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area. Throughout Iran's history, the capital has been moved many times, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran although it has been Iran's capital for about 220 years. Although a variety of unofficial languages are spoken, roughly 99% of the population understand and speak Persian. The majority of people in Tehran identify themselves as Persians. In per-Islamic and early Islamic times, Tehran was an unimportant village and part of the area of present-day Tehran was occupied by Ray (which in the Avesta occurs in the form of Ragha), now a part of the city of Tehran, which took over its role after the destruction of Ray by the Mongols in the early 13th century.

 a144 Tehran city

Getting There

"Mehrabad" airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by "Imam Khomeini" International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back. Transportation Tehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here. The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI. Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.

a145 Tehran city

Airport

Tehran is served by two main airports. Mehrabad Airport, an old airport which doubles as a military base, is used for domestic and charter flights. This airport is located in the Western part of the city. Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport located 50 kilometers (31 miles) south of the city, handles all scheduled international flights.

Metro

Tehran claims to have one of the cleanest and most convenient metro systems, in terms of accessibility to different parts of the city, in the region The feasibility study and conceptual planning of the construction were started in 1970s. In 2001, the first two of the eight projected metro lines were opened. Tehran Metro has four operative lines and is 130 km (81 mi) long with another two lines under construction.

 

People and Culture

More than sixty percent of Tehranies were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country. Things to do, Recommendations Take the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop “Panzda Khordad”. There you can find anything and everything — shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there. If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranies love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh. Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire. Tehran is also full of museums such as:

  • the Contemporary Art Museum
  • the Abghine Musuem (glass works)
  • the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museum
  • the museum of carpets
  • Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniatures
  • and most stunning of all, the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.
  • Saa'd Abbad Palace
  • Niavaran Palace
  • Hassan Abad Square

Mirza Yusof Aashtiani, the Grand Chancellor of Naseredin Shah constructed this square in the name of his son Mirza Hassan Mostowfi-ol-Mamalek. From 1303 till 1312 AH. four buildings were constructed in four sides of the square in adaptation to Paladio.

  • Howz Caravansary

The said caravansary was formerly a place for tremendous passenger traffic being en route Tehran – Qom – Esfahan. But today due to the diversion of the former route, this ‘inn’ has been deprived of passengers.

  • Imam Jomeh House

Imam Jomeh house is one of the magnificent buildings of second half of 13th century AH. and was used to be the residence of ‘Imam Jomeh’ or the Friday Praying Leader, prior to Islamic Revolution.

  • Marmar Palace

This palace was built during the years 1934 -1937 AD. with a combination of eastern and western architecture. Hossein Lorzadeh was the architect and Ostad Yazdi was responsible for the tile-works.

  • Chitgar Forest Park

Chitgar Forest Park is situated in Tehran province, Iran. It is an artificial forest and covers an area of 14.5 square kilometers west of Tehran. It lies within the borders of Tehran’s district 22. It also has different ramps and facilities for cycling and skating. It is one of the largest parks of the province, and can be used throughout the year. This park is very popular with the population of the Tehran and Karaj and being situated on the way of the West-East wind in the province it has a purifying effect on Tehran’s air.

  • Latyan Dam

Latyan Dam (Persian: سد لتيان sad-de latyān) is a dam located less than 25 km from Tehran. It is one of the main sources of water for Tehran metropolitan region. Mount Tochal (Persian: توچال Tochāl) is a mountain in the Alborz range and a ski resort adjacent to metropolitan Tehran, Iran. The mountain has a 12 km long ridge-line. The highest peak, also called Mount Tochal, is at an elevation of 3,964 m (13,005 feet) and at coordinates 35°53′N 51°25′E35.88°N 51.42°E.

Churches

 

    • Sourp Asdvatzatzin Church (St. Mary) (Nadery st., Tehran)
    • St. Vartanantz Apostolic Church (Sartarabad, Tehran)
    • St. Gregory the Illuminator Armenian Apostolic Church (Zeitoun, Tehran)
    • Sourp Tatyos – Partoghomyos Armenian Apostolic Church (Tehran)
    • a146 Tehran city
    • Some places in TEHRAN you can visit for excite

      a147 Tehran city   a148 Tehran city

      a149 Tehran city   a150 Tehran city

       

      Alborz Range

      Alborz (also written AlburzElburz or Elborz), is a mountain range in northern Iran. Its borders start at Azerbaijan and Armenia in the northwest of Iran and reach to the southern end of the Caspian Sea. The mountain range ends in the east at the borders of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan.

      The highest Mountain in the Alborz Range is Damavand Volcano 5671 m which is located in central part of this great mountain range.

      Mount Damavand, the tallest mountain in the Middle East, is located in this mountain range.

       a151 Tehran city

      1.Damavand Mount (5671m)

      Mt Damavand is the most prominent feature of Iran looming majestically near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. It has a narrow summit crater with permanent snow cap which surrounded by many good looking peaks of the “Alborz” Mountain Range. 

      Damavand is visible far from 250 km in a clear sky. Just below its crater there are few famous glaciers such as “Yakhar”, “Sioleh” and” Dob”i Sel. “Damawand” is located about 80 km north east of capital city Tehran, midway the “Haraz” Road near the” Amol” city in “Mazandaran” Province, Iran.

      Damavand Mountain is a silent dormant volcano. It looks like Fujiyama in Japan but much greater. Its snowy white top with its regular clouds is the most beautiful sight of Iran. There has been no eruption in historical times and records so it is regarded as extinct a silent volcano. There are some hot springs on its lower slopes like Larijan village. At the summit there is a crater about 150-200 meters across, with a lot of yellow sulfurous rocks and pumice stones. 

      At about 5400 meters there are also some sulfuric gas making a little problem for climbers. Snow covers the crater and upper slopes in winter, spring and autumn. Because of its great height, the view from top is very extensive, a big panorama of mountains and valley covering many hundred of square Kilometers. All around are other peaks of the Alborz Mountain Range, in the north to the Caspian Sea plain and in the south descending to the deserts of central Iran. It is the highest peak of Iran and Middle East and the highest if you travel from Europe eastward to Iran

       a152 Tehran city

      a153 Tehran city

       

      is a mountain in the Alborz range and a ski resort adjacent to metropolitan Tehran, Iran. The mountain has a 12 km long ridge-line. The highest peak, also called Mount Tochal, is at an elevation of 3,964 m (13,005 feet) and at coordinates 35.88°N 51.42°E. Tochal is a popular recreational region for Tehran's residents. A gondola lift, named Tochal Tel-cabin runs from Tehran to the Tochal Ski Resort and the modern Tochal Hotel, all as a part of Tochal Complex.

      Attention: The pictures are in Winter season and that’s just for show.

      a155 Tehran city   a154 Tehran city

      a156 Tehran city   a157 Tehran city

      Dizin ski resort

      Dizin is one of the larger Iranian ski resorts in the Alborz mountain range, near Tehran and also the city of Karaj. It was established in 1969.

      The ski season in Dizin lasts longer than in European ski resorts, from December to May, because of the resort's high altitude. The highest ski lift reaches 3,600 m (11,800 ft), making it one of the 40 highest ski resorts in the world.

      Dizin ski amenities include two hotels, 19 cottages and five restaurants, villas and private apartments around the Dizin ski resort accommodate thousands of people every year.

       a158 Tehran city

       

      a159 Tehran city    a160 Tehran city

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      Farahzad

      Farahzad is a neighborhood in West Tehran, the capital city of Iran. It is located in the North West of Old Tehran, it is one of the oldest villages of Tehran. The village is over 1500 years old.

       a163 Tehran city   a164 Tehran city

      Darband

      Darband was formerly a village close to Tajrish, Shemiran, and is now a neighborhood inside Tehran's city limits. It is the beginning of a very popular hiking trail into the Alborz mountain Tehran, which towers over Tehran. A chair lift is also available for those not interested in hiking.The Persian word (دربند Darband) means gateway or door (dar) of the mountain (band, a variation of vand and fand, meaning mountain).

      Darband has a suitable climate all year round, and sees heavy snowfall every year.

      The initial start of the trail at Darband is about 250 meters long and is dotted with a number of small cafes and restaurants. These are quite popular and are busy in the evenings, as locals and tourists alike visit the many hookah lounges  (locally called ghavekhane sonnati) along the trail.

        a165 Tehran city   a166 Tehran city   a167 Tehran city   

       

      Ice falls

      Tehran has some ice falls around, you can visit them with 30 minutes far away from Tehran some of them are:

      • Hameloonice fall
      • Khor ice fall
      • Nava ice fall
      • Abnik ice fall
      • Golgol ice fall
      • a168 Tehran city   a169 Tehran city   a170 Tehran city
      • Climate

        Tehran features a semi-arid, continental climate. Tehran’s climate is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering Alborz Mountains to its north and the central desert to the south. It can be generally described as mild in the spring and autumn, hot and dry in the summer, and cold in the winter. As a large city with a significant differences in elevation among various districts, the weather is often cooler in the hilly north as compared to the flat southern part of Tehran. Summer is usually hot and dry with very little rain, but relative humidity is generally low and the nights are cool.

        When to go

        As shown below, the best time to travel to Iran is early April till September. The hottest month is July (mean minimum temperature 26°C, mean maximum temperature 36°C) and the coldest is January (mean minimum temperature −1°C, mean maximum temperature 8°C).

         a171 Tehran city

        Tourism Attractions

        Tehran, as Iran’s showcase and capital city, has a wealth of cultural attractions. The Peacock Throne of the Persian Kings (Shahs) can be found in Tehran’s Golestan Palace. Some of the well-known museums are National Museum of Iran, Sa’dabad Palaces Complex, Glassware and Ceramics Museum of Iran, The Carpet Museum of Iran, Tehran’s Underglass painting Museum, Niavaran Palace Complex, and Safir Office Machines Museum. The Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art features the works of great artists such as Van Gogh, Pablo Picasso and Andy Warhol. The collection of these paintings were selected by the former Empress Farah Diba. Tehran is also home to the Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels, also called the Imperial Crown Jewels of Persia, it is claimed to be the largest, most dazzling and valuable jewel collection in the world. The collection comprises a set of crowns and thrones, some 30 tiaras, numerous aigrettes, jewel-studded swords and shields, a vast amount of precious loose gems, including the largest collections of emeralds, rubies and diamonds in the world. It also includes other items collected by the Shahs of Iran during the 2,500 year existence of the Iranian Kingdom. The Imperial Crown Jewels are still on display in the Iranian Central Bank in Tehran.

        Other Attractions:

        Hassan Abad Square

        Mirza Yusof Aashtiani, the Grand Chancellor of Naseredin Shah constructed this square in the name of his son Mirza Hassan Mostowfi-ol-Mamalek. From 1303 till 1312 AH. four buildings were constructed in four sides of the square in adaptation to Paladio.

        Howz Caravansary

        The said caravansary was formerly a place for tremendous passenger traffic being en route Tehran – Qom – Esfahan. But today due to the diversion of the former route, this ‘inn’ has been deprived of passengers.

        Imam Jomeh House

        Imam Jomeh house is one of the magnificent buildings of second half of 13th century AH. and was used to be the residence of ‘Imam Jomeh’ or the Friday Praying Leader, prior to Islamic Revolution.

        Marmar Palace

        This palace was built during the years 1934 -1937 AD. with a combination of eastern and western architecture. Hossein Lorzadeh was the architect and Ostad Yazdi was responsible for the tile-works.

         

         

        Chitgar Forest Park

        Chitgar Forest Park is situated in Tehran province, Iran. It is an artificial forest and covers an area of 14.5 square kilometers west of Tehran. It lies within the borders of Tehran’s district 22. It also has different ramps and facilities for cycling and skating. It is one of the largest parks of the province, and can be used throughout the year. This park is very popular with the population of the Tehran and Karaj and being situated on the way of the West-East wind in the province it has a purifying effect on Tehran’s air.

        Latyan Dam

        Latyan Dam (Persian: سد لتيان sad-de latyān) is a dam located less than 25 km from Tehran. It is one of the main sources of water for Tehran metropolitan region. Mount Tochal (Persian: توچال Tochāl) is a mountain in the Alborz range and a ski resort adjacent to metropolitan Tehran, Iran. The mountain has a 12 km long ridge-line. The highest peak, also called Mount Tochal, is at an elevation of 3,964 m (13,005 feet) and at coordinates 35°53′N 51°25′E35.88°N 51.42°E.

        Churches

        • Sourp Asdvatzatzin Church (St. Mary) (Nadery st., Tehran)
        • St. Vartanantz Apostolic Church (Sartarabad, Teheran)
        • St. Gregory the Illuminator Armenian Apostolic Church (Zeitoun, Teheran)
        • Sourp Tatyos – Partoghomyos Armenian Apostolic Church (Tehran)

        Things to do

        Matrix Paintball Clubrand Hotel

        Matrix paintball club is located in Enghelab sport complex and with 3500 square meters ,it’s the largest indoor paintball field in the world ! With 3 story buildings,caves, suspended bridges and lots of trenches you can enjoy the war between you ,your team mates and other friends as opponents.

        Tehran Bazaar

        Tehran Bazaar area is absolutely worth visiting, there you can find anything you ever may need: food clothes, shoes, gold, tools, machines – everything. To see the real life and feel the heat of Tehran this is just the place to go, even if you are not going to buy anything. But you may anyway, because the prices are more than reasonable.

        Sports & Activities

        Tehran is full of sporting facilities as the city and its people love the game of soccer. In fact, they numerous stadiums dedicated to the sport, the biggest being Azadi Stadium. So they have plenty of space and plenty of teams as well, there are seven club team clubs with the best of Iranian soccer and the most beloved, the Iranian Premier League. Tourists have no problem getting out in the fresh air in Tehran. The city has countless parks and many ski slopes as well. Skiing, hiking, mountain biking, tennis and even volleyball are also popular activities in the area. There are also many lakes in near Tehran also, providing great places to play outdoors.

        Milad Tower

        Milad Tower is the tallest tower in Iran. Built in between the Shahrak e gharb and Gisha in Tehran, it stands 435 m (1,427 ft) high from base to tip of the antenna.

         a172 Tehran city

         

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