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Kerman

Kerman

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About Kerman

Kerman is a city in southeastern Iran, situated on a sandy plain 1749 meters above sea level. It is the capital of Kerman. Kerman is the largest carpet producing and exporting center in Iran. Kerman is a large producer of pistachios on the world market. The province is rich in minerals, like copper, coal, chromium, lead, zinc, uranium and aluminum, but mining has remained on a small scale. In recent times crude oil has been discovered, but is yet not exploited.

Kerman is very famous for its long history and strong cultural heritage. Each year, the city attracts numerous tourists from all over the world. Kerman, according to the historical narrations, is one of the oldest cities of Iran. By passing the time it has kept valuable historical and cultural treasures that declare the historical process and socio-economic life of the country.

The large and old land of Kerman in the Iranian plateau is one of the oldest centers of civilization. Various stone, metal and pottery works that belong to the 4th millennium have been founded in the hills and plains of this land and indicate the antiquity of its civilization, finding the different cultural, artistic and industrial works in Yahya hill (Tapeh Yahya) and Tal-Eblis (south of Kerman), Aquos Shahdad, the ruins of Daghyanous city and Jiroft certify the emerging of social life in this land.

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Kerman, according to the historical narrations, is one of the oldest cities of Iran. By passing the time it has kept valuable historical and cultural treasures that declare the historical process and socio-economic life of the country. Every historical place indicates some part of the dimensions of the people’s life and the type of the government of the rulers in this land.

Founding and destroying, destruction and reparation all inform about the existence of life and ferment in this land. Fewness of the historical reminders in comparison with cities such as Esfahan and Shiraz is for the difficulties that this city has been suffered. However these limited reminders of ruined buildings are the sign of power, stability and efforts of the people of this part of the territory of the country.

Kerman province is considered a paradise for paleontologists because of an abundance of vertebrate fossils from different geological eras. Fossils include Placodermi, jawed and jaw-less armored fish dating back to the Devonian period (395 to 365 million years ago), dinosaurs (195 to 66 million years ago) and mammals from the Tertiary period (ranging from two to seventy million years ago).

The history of human settlements in the territory of Kerman dates back to the 4th millennium BC. This area is considered as one of the ancient regions of Iran and valuable historical vestiges have been discovered here. Jiroft is an example, where a previously unknown settlement dating back to around 2500 BC has been established by archaeologists. Kerman has an abundance of historical sites and landmarks, 283 in total, according to Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization. Ancient abandoned citadels such as Arg-é Bam and Rayen castle have been preserved in the desert for 2,000 years (Arg-é Bam, the world’s largest adobe structure, was destroyed in an earthquake in December 2003).

Getting There

By plane

Kerman International Airport (IATA: KER – ICAO: OIKK) has regular flights to some major and smaller cities in Iran.

By bus

Kerman is well connected to most parts of the country by bus.

By car

Freeways connect the city to Yazd(360 Km), Zahedan, Bandare Abbas(600 km), Birjand and Shiraz(600 km), Mashhad (920) km.

By Train

Kerman is connected to the whole railway network of Iran.

Get around

For non-Iranian visitors, taxis are probably the most convenient mean of transport. However be sure to haggle for a good price prior to getting into the car.

If an unmarked car stops while you are hailing a taxi, don't be alarmed. Many taxis in Kerman are unmarked and also as a means to supplement their income, it is not uncommon to find private car owners touting themselves as taxis.

However it always best to find a taxi through a reputable "telephone taxi" agency. For a set fee, drivers of these agencies will take passengers to their destination, drive them around town and also wait for them while they shop or run errands. All hotels and local residents will have a phone number of one these agencies. There are also taxis driven by women that specifically cater to women passengers.

The city also has a bus service too.

You can also go to the small towns such as Mahan, Joopar Shahdad, as well as the villages, such as Sirch, Zngi-Abad and ... by bus or taxi.

Main sights

Ganjalikhan Complex

Ganjali Khan Complex is a Safavid-era building complex, located in the old center of city of Kerman, Iran. The complex is composed of, a square, a school, a caravanserai, a bathhouse, a mint, a mosque and a bazaar.

Ganjalikhan Bazaar

This bazaar is located between Chahar Suq and Ekhtiari. Its wonderful architecture style refers to the Safavid era and sites in the southern part of Ganjali khan square. The historical and beautiful bath of Ganjali khan about 180 shops are located in the right side of bazaar, in the left side several arches (Taqnama) have been designed, that create beautiful sights.

Ganjalikhan Bath house

Ganjali khan bath is a wonderful work, that with its beautiful tile-works, paintings plaster-works pats the eyes of every visitor. The bathhouse was converted into an anthropological museum in 1971.This bath is a collection of art, architecture and using different materials with a suitable space which attracts people to itself.

Ganjalikhan Mosque & school

It sites in the north-west of square and near Ganjalikhan school. Its long is 525m and its width is 5m at an area about 27/5sq.m. It is a small museum of Islamic decorative art such as tile-work, plaster-work and Calligraphy which has been decorated in a beautiful style.

Ganjalikhan Museum

The exhibitions of collection of dishes, local and army dresses, old arms, farming tools has been held in this museum. In the past the government golden and silver coins were minted here and several minted coins has been found there.

Vakil Tea- house

The first point of Vakil complex is bath or traditional tea-house. It was founded in 1280 Hijra in a wonderful, splendid and architectural shape in Qajars period. This bath many years ago has become a traditional tea-house and today is a pleasant place serving tea and delicious local food.

Grand Bazaar

Kerman Bazaar with is beautiful manifestation has left as a memorial from the ancient periods and its architecture characteristics astonish the eyes of every visitor. Stretching for 1200m from Tohid Sq (Arg Sq) northeast to Shohada Sq (Moshtag Sq), Kerman’s Grand Bazaar is one of the oldest trading centers in Iran.

Jame Mosque

Kerman Jame mosque is amongst the unique mosque of Iran because has no minarets like Sheikh Lotf-allah Mosque in Isfahan, the jame mosque of Kerman Following the ideal four-iwan plan and you can enter to the Jame moque of Kerman either from Kerman Bazaar or Shohada Sq.

Moshtaghie dome

Moshtaqieh is one of the building of Qajars period. Moshtaqieh is a place which sites in the east of Jame-a mosque is and it is the tomb of one of Sufis leaders whose name is Moshtaqieh Alishah. 

Gonbade Jabalie

In the eastern end of Kerman city there is a strong and large dome, made of stone and has saved from the trespassing hand of time. This eight-angle dome is completely made of stone. There are 8 doors in its eight sides with the width of 2m.

Notational library

It’s area is about 5800 sq.m with the capacity of 500 people . The library enjoys a computer system. There are about 22 manuscript books in library. Different parts of library include; study hall for man and woman, special hall for researcher, periodical hall and the part of reference books.

Moayedi Ice-house

This is a circular structure made of sun baked bricks and clay. The same resembles a huge dome. This structure located in the city of Kerman. There are several small-garden around this ice-house which were filled with the water in winter, then after that the water iced, the ices lead to the ice-house to use in summer.

Sanati Museum

Occupying a former orphanage, this art museum is a pleasant surprise in a town that can otherwise feel a long way from modern cultural pursuits. In a Qajar-era building set around an attractive courtyard, the museum houses paintings, sculptures and stone inlays by famous local artist Sayyed Ali Akbar Sanati (1916–2006).

Emam Mosque

The large and famous mosque “Emam mosque” is one of the oldest mosques in Kerman and probably Iran, which sites in the north-east of old city of Kerman, its width is more than 107m and there are for “Shabestan” (part of a mosque designed for sleeping or nocturnal praying) in its every four sides. 

Holy Defense museum

The Museum of the Holy Defence remembers the eight-year Iran-Iraq War. Inside is a gallery of gruesome photos, weapons, letters and documents from the war. Outside, along with a line-up of tanks and missile launchers, is a battlefield complete with bunkers, minefield and sound effects recorded from the actual war.

Hayati museum

Hayati Museum is located in Vakil Bazar, 200 meters after Vakil tea house, In Hayati economy museum; artisans, activities and products are subject displayed. The artefacts such as Pateh, Carpet, Gelim, Copper handicraft and many other Kerman‘s people handicrafts are displayed and for sale. 

Buy

Pateh

Pateh is one of the traditional arts, which is specific to Kerman. Kermani women use colorful threads on a wide piece of cloth, which they call “Ariz (meaning “wide” in Persian)” to make this scarf which is then decorated with very beautiful designs, and exhilarate any person loving arts. 

Carpet

Kerman carpet has included among the most beautiful and premium carpets of Iran and the world. Kerman carpet more than everything is famous because of its color and design which are very important for a carpet.

Pistachio

The special fruit and souvenir of Kerman is pistachio. The large and ancient region of Kerman with its low population is the largest region in the world, produced pistachio.it is special souvenir of Kerman in kind and variety. On the other hand, it is one of valuable agricultural products and is economical support of the country.

Date

Archeologists believe that raising date tree in Iran has been started from 4 or 5 thousands year Bc. Date is the most important food for people and is rich in nutrient. Existence of variety of date (forty kinds) in Kerman province that most of them differ from the other kind of date in the country is the sign of the antiquity of this tree in Kerman.

Copper Craft

It is made in the Kerman’s Coppersmith Bazaar. The sound of the hammering can be heard from across the big courtyard of the bazaar. The copper plate’s pattern is hammered by hand.

Cumin

This is a fragrant plant which is used in composition of many drugs. It is specially used in cooking along with rice and in different stews. Cumin which is harvested in Kerman is so famous because of its quality and strong smell in cooking.

Organic herb extracts

In general Kermanian people interested in plant drugs and used them more than chemical drugs thus very good herb extracts are produced there. Even most of the Kermanian house keeping provided them in their home. In Lalezar, in Bardsir, special organic herb extracts particularly Rose-water are provided.

Ghavoot

This is made of 40 plants including nigella seed, purslane, coffee, hemp, cotton seed etc,.The main type is brown color and it is very nutritious. in order to make Ghovatoo, different grains are roasted such as coffee, barley, linseed then mixed with sugar and will be ground and a brown powder will be got that is very nutrient.

Local Sweet

Kolompeh and Komach are two famous sweet in Kerman, the main ingredient of both of them is date. They are made from wheat flour which is spread out over a saucer and seedless round dates are put over it.

Handicraft

Nice, delicate Jajim shoes and Jajim bag is a masterpiece of Iranian artist. Scarlet attractive coloring make it handy for occasional and informal getting together.Make friends and family happy by giving them a pair as Iranian original crafting art. 

Eat

You can almost find any food that is served in other cites of Iran.There are many restaurants ( both fast food and traditional) around the city and notably on Jomhuri Blv.

Get out

Visit Rayen with a magnificant old citadel (similar to Bam).

Mahan is only 30 kilometers away. Thereby you can visit Shazdeh's garden, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which is about 5.5 hectares with a rectangular plot and a wall around it. The garden is a fine example of Persian gardens that take advantage of suitable natural climate. As well as the Shah-Ne'matollah-e-Vali monument.

Visit The Kaluts, a stunning formation of desert stones. About 1,5h from Kerman. There are villages like Shahdad or smaller desert villages on the way. Highly recommended, specially for sunset! In summer, desert camping is also possible.

 

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