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Mount Damavand

Mt. Damavand

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Damavand, a potentially active volcano and the highest peak in Iran, has a special place in Persian mythology and folklore. It is located in the middle Alborz Range, is the highest volcano in all of Asia. It is a potentially active volcano, since there are fumarole near the summit crater emitting sulfur, which were known to be active on July 6, 2007.


The mountain is located near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, in Amol county, Mazandarān, 66 kilometers (41 miles) northeast of Tehran.


Damavand Is

The most attractive mountain for trekking and Climbing from Iran and foreign countries, Because its a really high volcano and you can see smoke on the top of Mt.Damavand every time, Although the situation of this mount don't make you any hurt but you must not stay more than 1 hour on the top. Most of the trekkers and climbers want to stay more because they want take photo from the smoke apertures but its not recommended. Most of the visitors hold mt Damavand trekking tour here on south ridge.


High lights

Located is 66Km North east, 62Km west from Amol city and 26km north from Damavand City far.

The height of Damavand is 5671m from sea level

The temperature of Damavand in max is around -10 in winter and +5 in Summer

The rain average is 1400mm within a year

The air pressure on the top of Mt.Damavand is half of sea level 



climb Routes

You can select a route for climb or trekking Mt. Damavand as your technical and body power . Its completely depended to you as bellow:

The North Route, The route of north is a ridge among the Siuleh Ice fall from the right side and Do-Bisel from the left side, You can find 2 huts within your climb route. The first one located in 4000m height and the second one is on 5000m, The climb route until 4000m its easy and its a simple trek way but after that you must traverse until 5000m and you must some dangers crosses. After that you will reach to Snow roof. In this area you must know the climbing way because if you don't know the exact way some times in cloudy weather you will lose and may be you go toward the Yakhar glacier and its not so safe. You must drive from Polour Village to Nandal in 2.5 to 3 hours for access to this area.


The North East Route,  for the North and North ridge you must start trek or climb from Nandal village and for access to North east ridge you must reach to Takht-e-Fereydoun hut in 4200m, Then you see a rocky ridge to reach the snow roof, Then you reach to summit. Just same as North ridge you must know this route because sometimes may be you can not find the way-Back. You must drive from Polour Village to Nandal in 2.5 to 3 hours for access to this area.


The West climb Route, the climb route of West side of Mount Damavand is a bit far from access, But you can find Simorgh Hut in 4320m height. Its not hard climb or trek route but its a bit cold because its located in west side of Mt.Damavand. You must drive by Jeep something between 2 hours to reach to a place named “Chak Eskandar” then trek to Simorgh hut.


South climb Route, This climb or trek route is most favorite route for trek or climb because some accommodation is available in this route such electricity power and water. Also in this way you can rent mules for carrying your backpack, Also in this way you have two camp. The first is on 3250m that named “Goosfand Sara”, The second one is on 4250m that named “Bargah Sevom”.


You must drive from polour and from Federation Camp by jeep 1 hour to reach Goosfand Sara. Also the Goosfand Sara is the Camp 1 of Mt. Dmavand in north route. %90 of trekking tours and Ski tours select this ridge by Damavand Tour operators.


A fumarole near the summit of Damavand, emitting sulfur


Mt Damavand has some thermal springs with therapeutic qualities. These mineral hot springs are mainly located on the volcano's flanks and at the base, giving evidence of volcanic heat comparatively near the surface of the earth. While no historic eruptions have been recorded, hot springs at the base and on the flanks, and fumaroles and solfatara near the summit, indicate a hot or cooling magma body still present beneath the volcano, so that Damavand is a potentially active volcano.


The most important of these hot springs are located in Abe Garm Larijan in a village by the name Larijan in the district of Larijan in Lar Valley . The water from this spring is useful in the treatment of chronic wounds and skin diseases. Near these springs there are public baths with small pools for public use.



Damavand rivers and slopes are famous for the beautiful Brown Trout (Salmo trutta), Red Sheep (Ovis orientalis), Wild Goats (Capra aegagrus), and many singing native and migratory birds. Leopard (Panthera pardus) and Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) live in this region. Some smaller mammals are Snow Vole (Chionomys nivalis), Mouse-like Hamster (Calomyscus bailwardi) and Rufesent Pika (Ochoton rufescens). The very attractive and unreachable Caspian Snowcock (Tetragallus caspius) lives in high altitudes. Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) breeds in this are. Griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) are common. Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar) has a high population and nests between stone and shrubs. Gold-fronted Serin (Serinus pusillus), Linnet (Carduelis cannabina), Snow finch (Montifringilla nivalis), Rock sparrow (Petronia petronia), Rock Bunting (Emberiza cia) and Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris) are native; in winter they come to the lower hill sides. In each spring Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe), Rock Thrush (Monticola saxatilis), and Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) come from Africa for breeding. Grey-necked Bunting (Emberiza buchanani), Black-headed Bunting (Emberiza melanocephala) and Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus) come from India. Lots of Marsh Frogs (Rana ridibunda) lives in Lar riversides. Meadow Viper (vipera ursinii), Blunt-nosed viper (Macrovipera lebetina), Iranian Valley Viper (Vipera latifii) and Caucasian Agama (‘’Laudakia caucasia’’) are among the reptiles of this mountainous region. In the southern slope of Damavand , there are remnants of Wild Pistachia Tree (Pistacia atlantica) ; In its riversides different kind of Salix trees like Willow (Salix acomphylla) and Oleaster (Ellaegnus angustifoilia) are found . Greek Juniper (Juniperus excelsa) is common all over the higher altitudes. In Northern slopes, because of higher humidity there are wild oak, beech and hazel trees like: Persian Oak (Quercus macranthera), Eastern Hornbean (Carpinus orientalis), and Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis).There are also many beautiful wild flowers like: Mountain Tulip (Tulipa Montana) and Stone cress (Aethionema grandiflorum). In higher altitudes , shrubs tend to be sphere and cushion like , examples are : Astragalus species (like Astragalus microcephalus), Mountain Sainfoin (Onobrychis cornuta) and Prickly (Acantholimon erinaceum) ; Different kind of grasses between them , complete this alpine scene


Nomination as National Heritage Site

An anthropologist of Mazandaran Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department, Touba Osanlou, has said that a proposal has been made by a group of Iranian mountaineers to register the highest peak in the Middle East, Mount Damavand as a national heritage site. Mazandaran Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department has accepted the proposal, the Persian daily Jam-e Jam reported. Osanlou noted that the Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization is presently in the process of renaming an upcoming ancient festivity after Mount Damavand. "We have proposed Tirgan Festivity, Tabari Nowruz, to be named as Damavand National Day," he added. Tirgan Festivity is held in Amol County’s Rineh region in Mazandaran province.


Iran Mountains GPS files / Central Alborz GPS files / West Alborz GPS files / East Alborz GPS files

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