Different Deserts in Iran
In a previous post that was about desert terminology, I explained that there are two different terms that in English are both translated as desert. However, in Farsi, they are different, they do refer to a similar theme but they are different. These two terms are Biaban and Kavir. As mentioned, you can read about their difference in another post but to sum it up in one sentence, I can say that Biaban is the larger arid area and a Kavir is part of a Biaban. Now, in this post, I want to talk about different deserts of Iran, but here by desert, I mean Kavir.
On general, Iran has two Biaban Zone. One is the Lut and the other Dasht-e Kavir. Just to clear any confusion, Dasht-e Kavir is the name of a Biaban Zone in Iran and does not mean that it is the name of a Kavir. Now, let us go to the Kavirs of Iran. The Kavirs of Iran are plenty in number since a great part of Iran is in reality Biaban. Here, based on the provinces, we give some very short insight to the Kavirs you can visit and enjoy. Naturally, there are many other Kavirs, that do not fit this division, and there is Kavirs in Isfahan that I will write about in other posts.
Kavirs in Iran
- Kavirs in East Azerbaijan
- Kavirs in Yazd
- Kavirs in Kerman
- Kavirs in Fars
Different Deserts in Iran: East Azerbaijan
This Kavir is bound from west and south with Lake Urmia and it mostly borders south and east of Shabestar city. The Kavir in this area do not have a specific amount of salt in the surface of the land. Therefore, almost everywhere, we can find plant life and greenery even if it is not much. In reality, the amount of rainfall and the amount of salt at the surface makes it possible for different desert plans to grow there.
Different Deserts in Iran: Yazd
Yazd in general is an arid and desert-like province. It has around 10 almost big Kavirs and many smaller ones. The westernmost regions of the province are rich in Sodium sulfate. Actually, it has the highest amount of Sodium Sulfate in all Kavirs of Iran. The Kavirs in this area usually do not have visible salt crust like Siahkuh Kavir in the north of Ardakan with a Swampy area or Abarkuh Kavir in Marvdast. Usually, these Kavirs are known as arid and not salty. That is why the most interesting Kavir in Yazd is Saqand. It does have a salty crust and you can see different magnificent desert phenomena including salt polygons there.
Different Deserts in Iran: Kerman
Naturally, with the desert of Lut being part of Kerman province, it has many Kavirs. The Kavirs in Lut have many attractions including salt polygons, salt burst in shape of egg, and Yardangs. You can see these phenomena and many more in Kavirs such as Goojar and Goudsar Namak that are created because of Birjand River and its salty river. However, next to all that, there is the Sirjan Kavir. It is in the southeast of Sirjan city and couple of rivers end up in this desert with their salt water. Here, you can have a view of the desert phenomena including polygons and the rest.
Different Deserts in Iran: Fars
We cannot find Kavirs in the form we see in for example Kerman or Yazd. However, there are still some lands that can be considered as a Kavir. For example, there is the Bakhtegan Lake. In winters and with the water flowing down to the lake, it becomes a swampy lake. However, in summers and with the high level of evaporation, the areas around the Lake are similar to arid Kavirs with no salt crust. On general, the Kavirs in Fars province are around lakes and swamps.
Although I have titled this post as different desert in Iran, it is natural not to be able to cover all the Kavirs. That is why I decided to talk about destinations that are seldom talked about. There is still much to be said about Iran deserts.