What is Damavand, where is Damavand?
Damavand is a mountain in Iran. Actually, it is the highest mountain of Iran and the highest volcanic mountain of Middle East. The name is a mixture of Dam+Avand which means the place of smoke and fog and refers to the volcanic state of the mountain. Damavand is part of Alborz mountain range, which is in turn part of the northern mountain range of Iran. Alborz covers the south of Caspian Sea like a protective wall and stops the humidity from reaching the southern parts. From a provincial aspect, the mountain is in Mazandaran Province and a popular destination of mountaineering, ski, paragliding, biking, and sky running.
How to Ascend?
Damavand has an altitude of 5610 m., and as it was mentioned, is the highest mountain of Iran and west Asia. There are around 16 routes to the summit, each having a different difficulty level and suitable for a different season. However, among all the routes two are more common: the south route and the northeast route. The easiest route is the south one while the northeast is more difficult and technical.