Around half of Iran’s land are mountains. These mountains surround the country like a ring stopping the humidity and making the central arid area. Here, we have the 2 of Iran deserts’ most famous with an estimated area of 320 thousands square kilometer. In short, the deserts cover one fifth of Iran’s total land area. Iran’s central plateau is a very important part of the country’s nature. From a geological point of view, here we have the remnant of the Precambrian era next to the stones from active and semi-active volcanos of the recent times. Here, we have two basins of Namak and Lut desert.
The Lut desert, with an area of around 80 thousand square kilometer, is in the south east of Iran. Based on the geological properties and the topography, Lut is divided to three different sections. In Lut, we have the North, South and Central Lut. The lowest section of the desert is its central area. This section is also the biggest and it has many different desert phenomenon. Lut is the driest desert of the country. The greenery and plant life are very scarce. There is even a section of around 30 thousand kilometer in the center that lacks any plant life. Here is also, where the highest temperature of the world has been registered.
Namak desert is a vast area south of Alborz Mountain Range. It covers parts or all of the Khorasan, Sistan, Qom, Kashan and Yazd. From east to west, it is around 600 kilometer, and from north to south, around 100 to 300 kilometer. With a very slow decrease, the mountains lead to the central lowest point. Interestingly, a great part of the desert is sand, pebbles and gravels. The strong winds of the area move the sands and salt from one place to another making huge mound. These mounds or sand dunes are one of the highlights of deserts. Namak is also a very arid area and has an average rainfall of 100 milimeter.
Within each of the mentioned deserts, there are popular destinations or desert that the tourist usually visit. Some of these deserts are Maranjab, Mesr, Matin Abad, Varzaneh, and Shahdad. The beautiful sand dunes, desert plants, salt lakes, salt polygons, and the starry night of the sky attracts many to the beautiful deserts of Iran.